Global WarmingFrom the mid-19th century onwards, there is considerable and substantial evidence that the Earth has warmed up.
Since the industrial revolution, especially due to the rapid increase of greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere through various human activities such as burning of fossil fuels, deforestation and industrial processes, and due to the strengthening of the natural greenhouse effect with the contribution of urbanization, Heating is called Is.
The warming trend in three different temperature records taken from ground, sea and ocean surface water shows that the average temperature of the Earth has increased by 0.8 ° C since 1850. Climate change consists of human-driven causes such as changes in land use, emissions of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane. The carbon dioxide (CO2) level in the atmosphere increased from 284 ppm to 397 ppm from 1832 to 2013.
There is a theoretical link between the greenhouse gas level in the atmosphere and global warming. Three different studies have shown strong evidence that human burning of fossil fuels has caused less global warming than changes in land use. Therefore, climate change is expected to increase temperature and extreme precipitation changes. By the end of this century, the average global temperature is expected to vary between 1.8 ° C and 4 ° C compared to the end of the previous century.
Warming will be greater in the oceans worldwide than in the arctic region and arid lands. Recent weather recordings show that the surface temperature of land has increased more slowly than expected from climate models, potentially reaching deeper levels of CO2 absorption. Rising sea level increases the risk of flooding of agricultural lands in coastal areas.
Legislation on the environment obliges industrial facilities to take precautions on the environment. This situation leads to additional costs and brings a new marketing dimension to the environmental impact of the products. As a result, global warming affects the world economy. According to researches, the average temperature of the earth's surface has increased by 0,6 ºC throughout the 20th century, and over the last forty years, the temperature has increased by 8 kilometers, and the snow cover and icing has decreased by about 10%. According to research by scientists, the Kilimanjaro glacier, which was formed by an airwave that took over Africa some 11 thousand 700 years ago, began to melt.
. According to the satellite data, Kilimanjaro's white hat will be destroyed in 2020 Science. The ice layer at the top of Kilimanjaro, which is said to be destroyed, is the main source of feeding the rivers of Tanzania, which is now thirsty. By 2025, almost half of the world's population is estimated to face water scarcity. Lost record in Ozone Layer at North Pole reached Level.
The World Meteorological Organization reported that 40 per cent of this winter layer was destroyed. Earlier this rate was 30 percent in the winter period. According to the United Nations Meteorological Organization, the ozone layer is damaged because of the industrial chemicals. These substances are even more destructive in cold weather in the upper layers of the atmosphere.